Originally posted on petapixel.
We are all likely familiar with Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop as far as editing applications go and a lot of people love these apps for their versatility and powerful suite of features. But they do come with a price, and paying a fee isn’t always what every photographer is looking for.
There are plenty of people who would like to find something equally capable of getting the job done that doesn’t run a monthly charge on their credit card bill or require a hefty up front payment. Thankfully, there are plenty of alternatives out there that run the gamut from beginner-friendly to as feature-packed as the name-brand products.
What We’re Looking For
Putting together a list of the best free editing applications is not a completely simple thing to do, especially because a lot of apps have “free” versions with varying degrees of functionality. A lot of the time, this means the app is severely hobbled, if not unusable entirely.
Therefore, we’re looking for applications that offer a high degree of functionality without the need for your credit card number, and we want to offer a few options to cover a wider range of usages, from the most robust editing apps to those aimed at users seeking basic or automated functionality.
We have broke our best picks down into six categories:
- Best Free Photoshop Alternative: GIMP
- Best Free Lightroom Alternative: Darktable
- Best Free Beginner Photo Editing App: Photoscape X
- Best Free One-Click Photo Editor: Fotor
- Best Free Template Editor: Canva
- Best Free Photo Editing App for Mobile Devices: Adobe Lightroom CC
Best Free Photoshop Alternative: GIMP
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Software) is flat-out one of the best editing applications available anywhere — for any price. Its suite of features is impressively full, and more are being added all the time.
From layers, masks, and curves to brushes, clone stamps, and perspective changes, there is not a whole lot that GIMP can’t do compared to Adobe’s counterpart. Better yet, it is an open-source editor, meaning the huge community of users has created an extensive array of plugins that expand the functionality and abilities of GIMP. Some of these plugins come preinstalled, but there are tons more in its glossary that you can install in addition.
If that weren’t enough, you can also use Photoshop plugins!
Like Photoshop, however, this isn’t the greatest program for beginners as there is a rather steep learning curve.
Best Free Lightroom Alternative: Darktable
Darktable is easily the best program out there that replicates the functions and experience of using Lightroom. Plus, it’s free with no annoying pay-to-unlock features.
Like Lightroom, Darktable allows you to view all your photos in a digital “light table” and then non-destructively enhance and adjust each photo as you desire. Built primarily as a RAW editor, Darktable works with JPEG, TIFF, and a huge number of other files. Darktable bridges the gap between raw developers and image management software.
Best Free Beginner Photo Editing App: Photoscape X
Photoscape has the least refined aesthetic of any of the programs mentioned here, but I think this makes it a little more accessible to beginning photographers. Tasks — like batch editing, single photo editor, etc. — are laid out in tabs across the top, and adjustments are laid out down the side. It may not be sleek, but it is functional.
Photoscape lacks the most intricate and complex editing tools of GIMP or Darktable, but it’s also insanely quick and easy to use. I use it to batch edit JPEGs for eBay or e-mail because I can quickly apply global adjustments and then downsize a huge number of full-resolution photos in just a few seconds.
The software is very easy on computer resources — if it can do what you need it to, it is probably more efficient at doing it than anything else out there.
Best Free One-Click Photo Editor: Fotor
Fotor is a browser-based editor primarily aimed at one-click enhancements or filters to give your images a boost. If you need more complex tools like clone stamps or masks, this isn’t the program for you, but there are plenty of nifty filters and manually adjustable features that make this a worthy look for some basic editing.
You can even manipulate curves and levels as well as tweak color separately from the one-click filter application. So, there’s still plenty of latitude in here for those that need to go just a bit further than that single click.
It also has a great batch processor — so if you want to apply the same filter or adjustment to a bunch of photos, this will get it done.
One important note: The free version will limit you to 4,000 pixel-wide images. Images larger than that will be downsized.
Best Free Template Editor: Canva
Canva is also a browser-based editor but aimed at a more specialized user. If you’re looking for something to turn photos into presentations, invitations, cards, letters, and dozens of other options — this is it.
There is a free version — which is quite extensive with over 250,000 templates and 5GB of cloud storage — as well as a paid version. For most users, the free version will be more than enough with plenty of templates to choose from and more storage than a casual user will ever need.
From backgrounds to graphics, there is a lot to pick from when it comes to enhancing your images for whatever purposes you may need. As a plus, everything is very easy and intuitive to use. No matter how you look at it, Canva offers a frankly shocking amount of usability for a free application of this nature.
Best Free Photo Editing App for Mobile Devices: Adobe Lightroom CC
While we’ve been looking at applications that are geared more toward desktop or laptop use, it is worth talking about high-quality mobile applications, especially given how excellent many of today’s Android-based tablets or iPads are for image editing. And while several of the aforementioned apps will work on a tablet, our pick in this section — Adobe Lightroom CC — is optimized for mobile use in a way that most others are not.
Adobe distilled many of the functions and features of its desktop app into a very fluid, easy to use, and most importantly, fast-functioning piece of mobile software. The free version requires nothing more than email registration and offers a huge amount of functionality that you’d expect from Adobe software.
The user interface is easy to navigate with its minimalist design and the use of sliders and toggles to make editing quick and simple, even for less advanced users.
Best of all — and unlike many other free apps — if you do choose to pay for it, you can sync via the Adobe Cloud across all your devices, including your desktop.